Locations: Karkar, Nugal, Sool and Ayn regions
Number of Villages targeted: 15 villages
Intervention Period: 15th April -15th August 2017
In Puntland, a severe drought has been directly affecting approximately 150,000 people and has displaced an additional 12,000 people, according to an inter-agency assessment conducted in September 2016. The continuing drought has led to severe shortage of pasture and water, for humans and livestock, and consequently deterioration in livestock body conditions, declining livestock production and increased livestock deaths. Livestock prices have been steadily declining since February 2016 as has the terms of trade between goats and cereals, thus impacting people’s access to food and water.
Furthermore, Sool, Ayn, Karkar and Nugaal regions and their respective districts and villages have been listed among the worst affected areas. These rural communities are experiencing worst drought conditions. The drought and poor rains have contributed to severe water shortages, poor livestock performance, reduced access to milk, increasing malnutrition, surging food prices and lack of water. The price of water has risen from $2 to $10 per 20 liter drum. In some areas particularly Ayn Regions cholera broke out due to unclean water and people are not able to access basic Health services. All of the drought affected communities targeted villages are acutely food insure and in need urgent humanitarian assistance.
Drought Response Planning
On 6th and 10th of April, Y-Peer Team and HADMA officials with the presence of representative from UNDP, which is the funding agency met at HADMA office to discuss and identify the most drought affected areas in Puntland. HADMA has presented 15 villages in Karkar, Nugal, Sool and Ayn regions to be implemented water trucking to save lives. The criteria of these areas include;
- The villages that lack of access to clean water, which can be a driver of a crisis.
- The villages that have experienced cholera outbreak due to unsafe water
- Communities relying on only on brought water at high price, which they can’t afford.
Overall, they discussed in depth the access of the villages and number of beneficiaries per village of the identified hotspot. HADMA and Y-Peer finally agree to commence the water trucking urgently in 15 villages in 4 main regions to prevent more cholera outbreak and save the lives.
|Region||District||Village||Household||Total water tanker||Date Started||Date Ended|
|Horufadhi||Carowayn||120 HH||14 tankers||12/ April 2017||18th April 2017|
|Horufadhi||Farjano||120 HH||14 tankers||12/ April 2017||18 April 2017|
|Horufadhi||Dhilaalo/Sooljoogto||150 HH||17 tankers||12/ April 2017||25 April 2017|
|Las’Anood||Dharkayngeeyo||200 HH||25 tankers||12/ April 2017||25th April 2017|
|Las’Anood||Dhumay||200 HH||25 tankers||12/ April 2017||25th April 2017|
|Las’Anood||Shiniile||150 HH||17 tankers||12/ April 2017||20th April 2017|
|3.||Karkaar||Qardho||Xabaal-reer||200 HH||20 tankers||13/April 2017||16 April 2017|
|Qardho||Canbaarsarre||200 HH||20 tankers||13/April 2017||16 April 2017|
|Qardho||Guud cad||150 HH||10 tankers||13/April 2017||16 April 2017|
|Qardho||ceeleey||100 HH||7 tankers||13/April 2017||17 April 2017|
|Nugaal||Garowe||Salaxley/Xamur||150 HH||17 tankers||12/ April 2017||17 April 2017|
|Garowe||Duddumale||150 HH||8 tankers||12/ April 2017||17 April 2017|
|Garowe||Xamxamaa||100 HH||9 tankers||12/April 2017||17 April 2017|
|Garowe||Xamur||100 HH||3 tankers||18/April 2017||22 April 2017|
|Garowe||Kalabayr||150 HH||17 tankers||12/ April 2017||17 April 2017|
Intervention and Distribution
Y-Peer Puntland has started the water distribution on 12th April 2017 in most of the villages and the following tables explain the number of beneficiaries, number of water tanks and dates distributed in each village.
Y-PEER teams conducting orientation for the districts and explained the communities’ elders and local authorities for the purpose of the projects and Y-PEER informed the communities these projects are funded by UNDP Somalia to support for drought affected area.
Y-Peer Mission to the fields
Y-Peer has sent three teams to the selected villages, one team was responsible for Ayn and Sool villages while the other two teams were responsible for Nugal and Karkar regions. The mission aimed to inform the village committees on the intervention particularly the number of tanks per village and duration of the water trucking. In addition, the mission was also assessing the overall situation of drought affected villages.
In Karkar, the Team met with the 4 village committee chairs and the mayor of Qardho district, where the team hand –over to the communities the number of trucking, that will be supplied to each village. Y-Peer has contracted a water trucking company through a competitive process and the supplier was responsible for delivering the water to the most in need communities with the support and supervision of the Village communities and Elders. The villages and its surrounding rural areas shared the water in a fair ratio.
In Nugal, the Team met with Garowe Mayor Mr. Hassan Isse at 10th April at his office, where the team informed the water ratio allocated by HADMA to the villages in Garowe District. The Mayor warmly welcomed and thanked UNDP for their support and generosity to the drought affected communities who lost most of their livestock that was the only livelihood they relied on. The mayor briefly explained the magnitude of the drought including the displacement, death, Malnutrition and food insecurity that communities are facing. The team also visited the villages and met with village chiefs, elders and informed them number of tankers allocated and introduce them the supplier, who was to distribute the water at each village.
In Sool and Ayn, Y-Peer team with village heads at each village gave brief background of the project; the village chiefs also gave general information about the drought and how severely it affected the regions. Due to unsafe water and food insecurity cholera has break out and more than 10 people have died and others are suffering without basic health care in the villages visited. Most of the residents in these villages were the newly displaced people that lost their livestock in the prolonged drought.
In nutshell, the teams have visited the water points for each village to ensure the safety of the water. The mission also monitored the distribution of the water to the most in need people.
Food distribution Process
Nugal, Karkar and Cayn regions are the most severely drought-stricken areas in Somalia. Many pastoralists their livestock have died due to lack of pasture and water and outbreak of diseases in the regions for the past one year since there was no rain for almost two years in the region. The region has not received any assistance from UNDP have stepped into providing food and water assistance, 348 families received food assistance. The food distributions has taken place, after the planned meeting of Hadma Y-Peer and UNDP are agreed to select the villages that are very needed in support who couldn’t get any food aid that are affected by severe drought especially where emergency water distribution has taken place. Early start of registration of the families among the most vulnerable drought affected families in Garowe, Gardo, Buhoodle districts. Food distribution process started in six villages Kalabayr, Guudcaad, Ceelay, Tibcaro IDPS camps, Dhilalo and Farjano villages Puntland Y-PEER in collaboration with the local community, UNDP, HADMA and local authorities conducted participatory beneficiary selection to identify the most vulnerable communities affected by the drought. Most these beneficiaries were the people displaced by the drought. They have returned and resettled in villages under Garowe, Gardo and Buhoodle districts. These beneficiaries have been identified and registered as being eligible to receive the assistance by the local authorities in these regions
Nugal, Karkar and Cayn regions are the most severely drought-stricken areas in Somalia. Many pastoralists their livestock have died due to lack of pasture and water and outbreak of diseases in the regions for the past one year since there was no rain for almost two years in the region. The region has not received any assistance before UNDP have stepped in to providing food and water assistance, 348 families received food assistance. The food distributions has taken place, after the planned meeting of Hadma Y-Peer and UNDP are agreed to select the villages that are very need in support who couldn’t get any food aid that are affected by severe drought especially where emergency water distribution has taken place. Early start of registration of the families among the most vulnerable drought affected families in Garowe, Gardo, Buhoodle districts. Food distribution process started in six villages Kalabayr, Guudcaad, Ceelay, Tibcaro IDPS camps, Dhilalo and Farjano villages Puntland Y-PEER in collaboration with the local community, UNDP, HADMA and local authorities conducted participatory beneficiary selection to identify the most vulnerable communities affected by the drought. Most these beneficiaries were the people displaced by the drought. They have returned and resettled in villages under Garowe, Gardo and Buhoodle districts. These beneficiaries have been identified and registered as being eligible to receive the assistance by the local authorities in these regions
Food distribution beneficiaries
|Region||District||Village||Horsehead direct beneficiaries||Indirect Beneficiaries||Budget Cost|
Each and every family received 25kgs of sugar, 25kgs for flour, and 25kgs of rice, 5 litter of oil, 5 kgs of Dates
- As a resulted of the prolonged drought there was shortage of water and food insecurity
- It was Difficult to access clean water due to poor roads
- Water price increased depending on the distance of the permanent water sources.
- Communities that had no option but used unsafe water sources are suffering or at increased risk of water borne diseases such as AWD/Cholera
- Many of the drought affected people are displaced to semi-rural or urban areas to join existing settlements or establish new settlements
- Many of the communities lost their livestock due to lack of pasture and water that forced them to migrate to the nearest villages hopelessly.
- Most of the children and women living in the targeted villages are severely malnourished and they are in need of immediate life-saving assistance.
- The highest number of this of people affected by drought was women, girls, and youth. Who did not have any skills to survive in their daily life and 83% of these youth were unemployed so they need skill training for them to earn living for their families.
- Most of the beneficiaries were people who return from the rural areas after their animals have died due to drought. Most of them have trauma related cases some even run mad so they also need counseling, psycho social support.
Conclusion and recommendation
Although Y-Peer with the Support of UNDP has distributed water and food to more than 2,140 households in 15 villages and six villages under 4 main regions, however, the intervention to the other villages in the regions is very limited particularly Sool and Ayn regions. Moreover, Y-Peer realized that the drought affected people, mostly pastoralist are in need of emergency response in order to treat cholera affected people and prevent more cholera outbreak and famine. In addition, these communities are in need long term interventions including re-stocking since they lost their livestock, which was their main livelihood. Groundwater drilling so the people could access clean water. Build dams to reserve the rain and make shelter container plants conserve water, in order use the water in tough situations.